Bela krajina. Sustainability in a Karst Landscape

Sustainable development in karst areas should be adapted to its specificities and take into account its vulnerability. The assessment of the development potential and management of karst areas is of great importance in Slovenia. This book presents the analyses of the impact of landscape features on the land use and sustainable development in a marginal Slovenian karst landscape ‒ Bela krajina. In order to draw attention to the combination of social perspectives with natural conditions for an integrative view of the karst landscapes, three approaches were used: 1. assessment of the degree of human disturbance to the karst landscape, 2. analyses of land use dynamics, and 3. quantitative and qualitative analyses of the sustainable development of Bela krajina. Karst landscape features affect sustainable development of the study region both positively and negatively. According to local stakeholders the positive effects are mainly connected with tourism, and the negative effects are mainly connected with hampered agriculture. The main message is that karst landscape features should not only be seen as limiting factors, but also for their development potential.

Table of content


1 Introduction

2 Theoretical background and methodology
     2.1 Theoretical background
          2.1.1 Approaches for measuring sustainable development
      In Slovenia
          2.1.2 Landscapes as pivotal areas for sustainable management
          2.1.3 Policies vs. land use and development
          2.1.4 Public participation
          2.1.5 Karst features and sustainable development
     2.2 Methodology
          2.2.1 Karst Disturbance Index
          2.2.2 Land use analyses
          2.2.3 Quantitative and qualitative analyses of the landscape features
      Sustainable development indicators
      Structured interviews

3 Results
     3.1 Karst Disturbance Index
     3.2 Land use analyses: Adlešiči and bojanci case studies
          3.2.1 Land use changes
          3.2.2 Landscape stability
          3.2.3 Land use categories over time
     3.3 Quantitative and qualitative analyses of the landscape features
          3.3.1 Sustainable development indicators
      Measuring sustainable development
      Model matrix
      Scenarios for bela krajina
          3.3.2 Structured interviews
      Analysis of the answers
      General responses
          3.3.3 Comparison of the results

4 Discussion and conclusions
     4.1 Comments and limitations
     4.2 Karst and sustainability
     4.3 Key methodological achievements
     4.4 Recommendations
     4.5 Suggested areas for future study

5 References and Sources
     5.1 References
     5.2 Sources of qualitative data (interviews)

6 List of figures

7 List of tables

Publishing House

Založba ZRC




paperback • 16,5 × 23,5 cm • 140 pages


19,00 EUR (Regular)